13 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nigeria

UNESCO world heritage sites in Nigeria
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If you are here to see a complete list of Heritage sites in Nigeria. Well be informed that there are only 2 UNESCO world heritage sites in Nigeria. Although, there are about 14 sites in Nigeria in the Tentative list.

What Qualifies a Place to be a UNESCO Heritage site

In order to be deemed a World Heritage site, UNESCO noted in its Operational Guidelines 2012, the location must be of Outstanding Universal Value, demonstrating international significance; it must “transcend national boundaries and be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity.”

List of UNESCO World Heritage Site in Nigeria

As earlier said, there are only 2 UNESCO World Heritage Site in Nigeria. There are given below;

1. Osun – Osogbo Sacred Grove

UNESCO world heritage sites in Nigeria

The sacred grove, which is now seen as a symbol of identity for all Yoruba people, is probably the last in Yoruba culture. It is situated in the outskirts of the Osogbo river and at the banks of the Oshun river. It is said that this undisturbed forest is the abode of the goddess of fertility, Osun and other deities.

The Osogbo sacred grooves is dotted with shrines, sanctuaries and sculptures and artwork from ancient times. This was made a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 2005.


2. Sukur Cultural Landscape, Adamawa

UNESCO world heritage sites in Nigeria

It is UNESCO world heritage sites in Nigeria in 1999. Making it the first. It is located in Madagali Local Government Area, Adamawa State.

It was a strong hold for the iron industry in the ancient times and Palace of the Hidi (Chief) on a hill dominating the villages below it. This place is a field dotted with sacred symbols of the people. Also  quite remarkable for the intact physical expression of a society and its spiritual and material culture

Others on the Tentative List

A tentative list are the sites that have been considered for nomination for world Heritage site. Currently there are 14 sites in Nigeria that have been considered for UNESCO world heritage site. They are given below;

  1. Benin Iya / Sungbo’ s Eredo (1995)
  2. Old Oyo (1995)
  3. Kwiambana and/or Ningi (1995)
  4. Oban Hills / Korup (1995)
  5. Niger Delta Mangroves (1995)
  6. Gashaki-Gumpti National Park (1995)
  7. Oke Idanre (Idanre Hill) (2007)
  8. Arochkwu Long Juju Slave Route (Cave Temple Complex) (2007)
  9. Ancient Kano City Walls and Asociated Sties (2007)
  10. Alok Ikom Stone Monoliths (2007)
  11. Ogbunike Caves (2007)
  12. Cross River – Korup – Takamanda (CRIKOT) National Parks (2020)
  13. Lake Chad Cultural Landscape (2018)

In Summary, When the nominated list becomes approved, which could be one after the other, then it would be added as site. However, the places in this list are also seen a Potential world heritage sites. You can visit this places if you are in Nigeria or wish to go for a trip to Nigeria.


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